Inagua is the southernmost island in The Bahamas and actually consists of two separate islands, Great Inagua Island and Little Inagua Island. The largest resident population of flamingos on Great Inagua Island splits its time wading in the water and flexing its wings. More than 80,000 West Indian flamingos paint the sky pink when they take flight. This well-coordinated display is best seen in the Inagua National Land & Sea Park, which covers 45 percent of Great Inagua Island. Matthew Town is the only inhabited settlement on the island, where salt mining has been the mainstay for generations. The bleach white salt fields contrast the forest green habitats which shelter over 140 species of native and migratory birds. On the shallow flats of neighboring Little Inagua Island, the flamingos sometimes take rest. They are one of the stars amongst a host of protected species in the Little Inagua National Park.
Area: 596 sq. miles
Population: 913 persons
Highest Point: 120 feet
Location: approximately 350 miles southeast of New Providence and approximately 60 miles from the coasts of Cuba and Haiti.
Origin of Name: Inagua is believed to have been initially named "Heneagua" by English settlers, which means “water to be found here,” a corruption of two Spanish words, heno (full) and agua (water). The origin of the current name is unclear, but Spanish maps from around 1601 have the island labeled as "Ynagua."
Area: 49 sq. miles
Highest Point: 99 feet
Location: approximately 5¾ miles north of Great Inagua