Mayaguana is truly the most "out" of all The Bahamas' outer islands, lying the most easterly in the chain. This island has seen very little development since the days it was inhabited by Lucayans. Few islands retained their Lucayan names; Mayaguana stayed connected to its past. The rare Bahaman hutia, a protein source for the Lucayans, roams the bushes. Shaped like a rat, bulked like a rabbit, this bizarre rodent was thought to be extinct before its rediscovery in the 1960s. The island was an undisturbed oasis for two centuries after the indigenous population was completely enslaved. Migrants from the Turks and Caicos Islands repopulated Mayaguana in the 1800s. There is a small airport on the island, although many visitors arrive by boat, docking offshore to enjoy diving and fishing in privacy.
Area: 110 sq. miles
Population: 277 persons
Highest Point: 131 feet
Location: approximately 320 miles southeast of New Providence
Origin of the Name: Mayaguana is the only island in The Bahamas that is still called by its original Lucayan name, which is said to mean "Lesser Midwestern Land."